Les violences conjugales, familiales et structurelles : vers une perspective intégrative des savoirs

Geneviève Lessard, Lyse Montminy, Élisabeth Lesieux, Catherine Flynn, Valérie Roy, Sonia Gauthier, Andrée Fortin
2015 Enfances, Familles, Générations  
2 individuels et interpersonnels, mais aussi les facteurs sociaux et structurels, notamment les oppressions liées au genre ou à d'autres marqueurs de l'identité sociale. La discussion sera enrichie par des modèles théoriques décrivant les différentes dynamiques de violences conjugales et familiales ainsi que par le féminisme intersectionnel, qui s'avère fort utile pour l'analyse des violences structurelles. La conclusion traitera des retombées potentielles d'une analyse des liens entre les
more » ... nces conjugales, familiales et structurelles sur les politiques sociales et les programmes d'intervention pour les victimes, les agresseurs et les enfants exposés à la violence conjugale. Mots clés : violence conjugale, violence faite aux femmes, violence familiale, violence structurelle, intersectionnalité Conjugal, Domestic, and Structural Violence: Toward an Integrative Perspective of Knowledge Abstract Conjugal violence is a serious and persistent social problem; one-third of all women globally have been a victim of it. This article will discuss the empirical and theoretical links between conjugal, domestic, and structural violence. The article will start with a short background describing how conjugal violence has been shaped as a socio-criminal problem in Québec. It will then identify the primary knowledge gaps in the field, thereby demonstrating the need to better understand the complex links between conjugal, domestic, and structural violence, three concepts whose definitions could be enhanced and made mutually complementary. The article will stress the importance of considering the diverse realities faced by those involved in these types of violence (women, men, and children), focusing on a broad analysis that integrates not only individual and interpersonal factors but also social and structural factors, in particular oppression based on gender or other social identity markers. The discussion will be enhanced by theoretical models that describe various dynamics of conjugal and domestic violence, as well as by intersectional feminism, which has proved useful in analyzing structural violence. The conclusion will deal with the possible effects of analyzing links between conjugal, family, and structural violence on social policy and intervention programs for victims, committers, and children exposed to conjugal violence.
doi:10.7202/1031116ar fatcat:fzxxi3hlfvha7lvbwx6i4hjcpi