Uncertainty Handling in Named Entity Extraction and Disambiguation for Informal Text [chapter]

Maurice van Keulen, Mena B. Habib
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Social media content represents a large portion of all textual content appearing on the Internet. These streams of user generated content (UGC) provide an opportunity and challenge for media analysts to analyze huge amount of new data and use them to infer and reason with new information. A main challenge of natural language is its ambiguity and vagueness. To automatically resolve ambiguity, the grammatical structure of sentences is used. However, when we move to informal language widely used
more » ... social media, the language becomes more ambiguous and thus more challenging for automatic understanding. Information Extraction (IE) is the research field that enables the use of unstructured text in a structured way. Named Entity Extraction (NEE) is a sub task of IE that aims to locate phrases (mentions) in the text that represent names of entities such as persons, organizations or locations regardless of their type. Named Entity Disambiguation (NED) is the task of determining which correct person, place, event, etc. is referred to by a mention. The goal of this paper is to provide an overview on some approaches that mimic the human way of recognition and disambiguation of named entities especially for domains that lack formal sentence structure. The proposed methods open the doors for more sophisticated applications based on users' contributions on social media. We propose a robust combined framework for NEE and NED in semiformal and informal text. The achieved robustness has been proven to be valid across languages and domains and to be independent of the selected extraction and disambiguation techniques. It is also shown to be robust against the informality of the used language. We have discovered a reinforcement effect and exploited it a technique that improves extraction quality by feeding back disambiguation results. We present a method of handling the uncertainty involved in extraction to improve the disambiguation results.
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-13413-0_16 fatcat:y4ptlh5nsrcqpdd3zb73u3tpye