Physical Experiment and Numerical Modeling on the Failure Mechanism of Gob-Side Entry Driven in Thick Coal Seam
In this paper, a combination of physical model tests and numerical simulations were carried out to explore the overlying strata movement laws, failure mechanism, and cracks evolution of the gob-side entry driven in a thick coal seam. The physical experimental results indicated that the hanging cantilever beam was easily developed above the coal pillar after mining out the 2101 panel, resulting in a larger and stronger stress concentration. The overburden loads acting on the coal pillar can be
... oal pillar can be greatly released after the hanging roof strata were cut down with an 18 m cutting line. Additionally, we adopted Universal Discrete Element Code (UDEC) software to investigate the deformation and crack evolution mechanism of the gob-side entry under different conditions. The primary-supported roadway underwent severe deformation, filling with a great quantity of tensile and shear cracks to the inner coal pillar. Both the physical and numerical results proved that the optimized-support parameters combined with roof-cutting measures could effectively guarantee the stability of the gob-side entry. This research can provide valuable guidance for the stability control of the gob-side entry in mines under similar conditions.