XML transformation by tree-walking transducers with invisible pebbles

Joost Engelfriet, Hendrik Jan Hoogeboom, Bart Samwel
2007 Proceedings of the twenty-sixth ACM SIGMOD-SIGACT-SIGART symposium on Principles of database systems - PODS '07  
The pebble tree automaton and the pebble tree transducer are enhanced by additionally allowing an unbounded number of 'invisible' pebbles (as opposed to the usual 'visible' ones). The resulting pebble tree automata recognize the regular tree languages (i.e., can validate all generalized DTD's) and hence can find all matches of MSO definable n-ary patterns. Moreover, when viewed as a navigational device, they lead to an XPath-like formalism that has a path expression for every MSO definable
more » ... y pattern. The resulting pebble tree transducers can apply arbitrary MSO definable tests to (the observable part of) their configurations, they (still) have a decidable typechecking problem, and they can model the recursion mechanism of XSLT. The time complexity of the typechecking problem for conjunctive queries that use MSO definable binary patterns can often be reduced through the use of invisible pebbles.
doi:10.1145/1265530.1265540 dblp:conf/pods/EngelfrietHS07 fatcat:lmeteupkabb65h5zpqnzbhvsbi