Performance Analysis of Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks under Primary User Emulation Attacks
2010 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference GLOBECOM 2010
Primary user emulation attack (PUEA) is a denial of service (DoS) attack unique to dynamic spectrum access (DSA) networks. While there have been studies in the literature to detect and mitigate PUEA, the impact of PUEA on the call blocking and call dropping probabilities of users in secondary networks has not been studied. We present the first analysis to study the impact of PUEA on the secondary users in terms of call blocking and call dropping. We propose a three dimensional continuous time
... l continuous time Markov chain (3D-CTMC) to model the channel occupancy in DSA networks. We use the 3D-CTMC to determine the call blocking and call dropping probabilities for secondary users. We validate our analysis with simulations. Results indicate that while PUEA does not affect the call blocking probability, it can increase the call dropping probability of secondary users by more than one order of magnitude. We also evaluate the call dropping performance of some of our previously proposed protocols to mitigate PUEA. We show that our protocols can improve the call dropping performance by about 40% for high traffic loads of malicious users and can provide almost the same performance as that of a system with no PUEA, when the malicious user traffic is low. Keywords -Dynamic spectrum access (DSA), primary user emulation attack (PUEA), call blocking, call dropping, Markov model 978-1-4244-5638-3/10/$26.00 ©2010 IEEE This full text paper was peer reviewed at the direction of IEEE Communications Society subject matter experts for publication in the IEEE Globecom 2010 proceedings.