Energy-Efficient Virtual Network Embedding Algorithm Based on Hopfield Neural Network
Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing
To solve the energy-efficient virtual network embedding problem, this study proposes an embedding algorithm based on Hopfield neural network. An energy-efficient virtual network embedding model was established. Wavelet diffusion was performed to take the structural feature value into consideration and provide a candidate set for virtual network embedding. In addition, the Hopfield network was used in the candidate set to solve the virtual network energy-efficient embedding problem. The
... oblem. The augmented Lagrangian multiplier method was used to transform the energy-efficient virtual network embedding constraint problem into an unconstrained problem. The resulting unconstrained problem was used as the energy function of the Hopfield network, and the network weight was iteratively trained. The energy-efficient virtual network embedding scheme was obtained when the energy function was balanced. To prove the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, we designed two experimental environments, namely, a medium-sized scenario and a small-sized scenario. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm achieved a superior performance and effectively decreased the energy consumption relative to the other methods in both scenarios. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm reduced the number of open nodes and open links leading to a reduction in the overall power consumption of the virtual network embedding process, while ensuring the average acceptance ratio and the average ratio of the revenue and cost.