PARTICIPATION, INTERPRETATION, AND REPRESENTATION OF LANDSCAPE DESIGN

Dong ZHANG
2019 Landscape Architecture Frontiers  
摘要 在本次访谈中,作为张唐景观合伙人,受访 人张东首先指出每个民族的景观都应与当地的文 化密切相关,认为设计具有中国文化识别性的景 观应当是中国景观设计师价值体系的一部分,并 强调景观设计在考虑可持续性和韧性提升策略的 同时,也应注重与环境教育的结合。随后,基于 将景观设计过程视为"两个客观、一个主观"的 总结,张东认为设计师对场地的解读,以及个人 的知识储备、价值判断和审美倾向都会影响其从 场地中获取信息、做出判断和进行设计。在承认 生态效益、公众参与是景观设计的重要议题的同 时,他格外强调设计的核心价值是创造性地解决 问题,景观设计师不可忽视空间营造和对美学的 追求。最后,他介绍了张唐景观目前采用的"全 过程参与"工作模式,以及这种模式对设计师观 察与表达能力的重要意义。 关键词 景观设计;观察;表达;文化景观;美学;"全过 程参与"工作模式 ABSTRACT At the beginning of this interview, Zhang Dong, partner of Z+T Studio, believes that landscapes of each nation
more » ... apes of each nation should be closely rooted in its own culture and designing landscapes which praise China's cultural identity should be a part of Chinese designers' values and beliefs. Beside of integrating with strategies of sustainability and resilience, landscape design should also combine with environmental education. Zhang summarizes a landscape design process into "two objective aspects and one subjective aspect," and points out that a designer's professional knowledge, social values, and aesthetic preferences together influence his / her acquisition of information from sites and the design what and how he / she will make. While recognizing the importance of ecology and public participation to landscape design, he stresses that design essentially is to solve problems in a creative way and landscape designers should not neglect the fundamentality of spatial creation and aesthetics to the profession and the discipline. Finally, he explains the Whole-Process Participation design mode adopted by Z+T Studio, and how it helps improve designers' capacity in observation and representation.
doi:10.15302/j-laf-1-030006 fatcat:r7saj6asofhfdcebv3zvw7uwe4