The effects of iodixanol and iopamidol on adhesion molecule serum levels in patients with angina pectoris undergoing coronary angiography: a randomized study

Filiz Akyildiz Akcay, Serdar Bayata, Tuna Semerci, Murat Yesil, Oguzhan Toklu, Erdinc Arikan, Selcen Yakar Tuluce, Mehmet Koseoglu, Idil Kocagra Yagiz
2014 Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi/The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology  
Objective: To compare intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) serum levels between patients with stable (SAP) and unstable angina pectoris (USAP) undergoing coronary angiography (CAG), investigate effects of CAG on ICAM-1, VCAM-1 levels in SAP, USAP patients; probable different effects of non-ionic radiocontrast media (RCM), iso-osmotic iodixanol and low osmolar iopamidol, on these adhesion molecules (AM). Methods: In this randomized,
more » ... domized, prospective study, 2 groups consisting of patients with SAP (n=22) and USAP (n=22) undergoing CAG were included. For halves of each group iopamidol, for the other halves iodixanol were used as RCM, in turn for randomization. The patients were divided into 4 subgroups according to clinical presentations and used RCM(SAP-iodixanol, SAP-iopamidol USAP-iodixanol, USAP-iopamidol). ICAM-1, VCAM-1 levels were measured just before and 12 hours after CAG. Repeated measurements were compared with two-way ANOVA test. Results: Baseline VCAM-1 concentration was higher in USAP group than SAP group (p=0.001). ICAM-1, VCAM-1 concentrations increased significantly following CAG in SAP, USAP groups. ICAM-1, VCAM-1 concentration increments; didn't reach statistical significance in SAP-iodixanol subgroup, reached a borderline significance in SAP-iopamidol subgroup (p=0.06, p=0.06). In USAP-iodixanol subgroup; only VCAM-1 (p<0.001), in USAPiopamidol subgroup; ICAM-1 (p=0.009), VCAM-1 (p=0.006) levels increased significantly following CAG. No complication was observed. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first study indicating ICAM-1, VCAM-1 inducing effect of CAG in patients with SAP, USAP and differential effects of iodixanol and iopamidol on ICAM-1, VCAM-1 serum levels. Further studies are needed to clarify the effects of CAG and different RCM on vascular inflammation, vessel injury, serum AM levels and their clinical significance. This study should be taken as a pilot, hypothesis-generating study. (Anadolu Kardiyol Derg 2014; 14: 156-61)
doi:10.5152/akd.2014.4737 pmid:24449631 fatcat:n7wbydbpgrem3aoid735g2z2he