HBLP: A Privacy Protection Framework for TIP attributes in NTTP Based LBS Systems

Khalid Alsubhi, M. Usman Ashraf, Iqra Ilyas
2020 IEEE Access  
Nowadays, location-based services are being widely popularized due to their massive usage in current and emerging technologies. These services are based on searching out areas of interest which are likely to be accessed by users. Despite helping users worldwide, Location Based Services (LBSs) Systems endanger users' privacy because a user must provide personal information in order to use the services. Users thus become easy prey for assailants to access their social and personal lives. This
more » ... lem is a giant issue for contemporary technologies because they are increasingly being used with the passage of time. Many existing solutions have attempted to resolve the challenges, but they face some serious dilemmas regarding the preservation of privacy. In order to address the privacy challenges in LBS systems, in this paper we have introduced a new Hierarchy Based Location Privacy (HBLP) model that protects the user's privacy, including the user's query time and identity and location information. The proposed model protects the user's privacy by using pseudo identity exchange, an aggregation protocol, and the concepts of Forest User (FU), Tree User (TU), and Child Users (CU) with k-anonymity and t-closeness, which is a reasonable combination for privacy provision for a user's query time, identity, and location. In order to evaluate the privacy protection level, we implemented the HBLP model in a Riverbed (Opnet) simulation and compared the results with existing state-of-the-art privacy-provisioning methods. The results showed that HBLP protected all the privacy attributes when a user interacts with an LBS system. INDEX TERMS Location based services, user privacy, NTTP, point of interest. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. For more information, see https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ VOLUME 8, 2020
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2985659 fatcat:bggjr6u5ireuti5jafq64af3ri