Democracy and Political Consciousness Investigating Difabel Toward Political Participation in the 2014 Presidential Election in Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Proceedings of the International Conference on Democracy, Accountability and Governance (ICODAG 2017)
Every citizen has right to choose and to participate in general election, and the state must protect that basic right of politic. The high percentage of people with different abilities' ('difabel') participated in the 2014 presidential election in Yogyakarta (66,5%) indicated the remarkable work of inclusive democracy in this city. Community participation is the main barometer to measure how the democracy is meaningful. This paper aims to explain the group of difabel responses electoral process
... in Yogyakarta towards the democractic space provided by Local General Election Commissions (KPUD). This narrative research was conducted through interview and documentation which consists of several stakeholders, such as Election Commissions of Yogyakarta city, SIGAB and difabel group. By conducting filed research, there are two main findings of this study. First, difabel community's competences in responding the existence of participation space in Yogyakarta city was influenced by the awareness level, these are semi intransitive, naïve transitivity and critical consciousness. In Yogyakarta, difabel groups will obtain stronger power in encouraging an enhancement of general election implementation, when they had critical consciousness. Second, critical participation of difabel categories were not only giving vote contribution (voters) or became an object in electoral process, but they were considered as subject by participating in election time, for instances, they decided to be team member of 'democracy volunteers' and voting committee's officers. Moreover, difabel communities also did political practices as the manifestation of their political consciousness level.