Detectability improvement of early sign of acute stroke on brain CT images using an adaptive partial smoothing filter
Medical Imaging 2006: Image Processing
Detection of early infarct signs on non-enhanced CT is mandatory in patients with acute ischemic stroke. We present a method for improving the detectability of early infarct signs of acute ischemic stroke. This approach is considered as the first step for computer-aided diagnosis in acute ischemic stroke. Obscuration of the gray-white matter interface at the lentiform nucleus or the insular ribbon has been an important early infarct sign, which affects decisions on thrombolytic therapy.
... its detection is difficult, since the early infarct sign is subtle hypoattenuation. In order to improve the detectability of the early infarct sign, an image processing being able to reduce local noise with edges preserved is desirable. To cope with this issue, we devised an adaptive partial smoothing filter (APSF). Because the APSF can markedly improve the visibility of the normal gray-white matter interface, the detection of conspicuity of obscuration of gray-white matter interface due to hypoattenuation could be increased. The APSF is a specifically designed filter used to perform local smoothing using a variable filter size determined by the distribution of pixel values of edges in the region of interest. By adjusting four parameters of the APSF, an optimal condition for image enhancement can be obtained. In order to determine a major one of the parameters, preliminary simulation was performed by using composite images simulated the gray-white matter. The APSF based on preliminary simulation was applied to several clinical CT scans in hyperacute stroke patients. The results showed that the detectability of early infarct signs is much improved.