Depletion of the co-chaperone CDC-37 reveals two modes of PAR-6 cortical association in C. elegans embryos

M. Beers
2006 Development  
PAR proteins play roles in the establishment and maintenance of polarity in many different cell types in metazoans. In C. elegans, polarity established in the one-cell embryo determines the anteroposterior axis of the developing animal and is essential to set the identities of the early blastomeres. PAR-1 and PAR-2 colocalize at the posterior cortex of the embryo. PAR-3, PAR-6 and PKC-3 (aPKC) colocalize at the anterior cortex of the embryo. A process of mutual exclusion maintains the anterior
more » ... nd posterior protein domains. We present results indicating that a homolog of the Hsp90 co-chaperone Cdc37 plays a role in dynamic interactions among the PAR proteins. We show that CDC-37 is required for the establishment phase of embryonic polarity; that CDC-37 reduction allows PAR-3-independent cortical accumulation of PAR-6 and PKC-3; and that CDC-37 is required for the mutual exclusion of the anterior and posterior group PAR proteins. Our results indicate that CDC-37 acts in part by maintaining PKC-3 levels and in part by influencing the activity or levels of other client proteins. Loss of the activities of these client proteins reveals that there are two sites for PAR-6 cortical association, one dependent on CDC-42 and not associated with PAR-3, and the other independent of CDC-42 and co-localizing with PAR-3. We propose that, in wild-type embryos, CDC-37-mediated inhibition of the CDC-42-dependent binding site and PAR-3-mediated release of this inhibition provide a key mechanism for the anterior accumulation of PAR-6.
doi:10.1242/dev.02544 pmid:16943281 fatcat:icddnulg4fa7vo2wlsgtzli7vq