CanICA: Model-based extraction of reproducible group-level ICA patterns from fMRI time series [article]

Gaël Varoquaux, Sepideh Sadaghiani, Bertrand Thirion (INRIA Saclay - Ile de France, LNAO)
2009 arXiv   pre-print
Spatial Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is an increasingly used data-driven method to analyze functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) data. To date, it has been used to extract meaningful patterns without prior information. However, ICA is not robust to mild data variation and remains a parameter-sensitive algorithm. The validity of the extracted patterns is hard to establish, as well as the significance of differences between patterns extracted from different groups of subjects. We
more » ... art from a generative model of the fMRI group data to introduce a probabilistic ICA pattern-extraction algorithm, called CanICA (Canonical ICA). Thanks to an explicit noise model and canonical correlation analysis, our method is auto-calibrated and identifies the group-reproducible data subspace before performing ICA. We compare our method to state-of-the-art multi-subject fMRI ICA methods and show that the features extracted are more reproducible.
arXiv:0911.4650v1 fatcat:qjbkuzumvffadlde5hl3uy477y