Major Differences in Hypoxia Tolerance and P38 Regulation Among Different Renal Cells
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Background/Aims: Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are involved in the cellular response to hypoxia and their dysregulation may contribute to the progression and pathology of diverse human renal diseases. Recent studies suggest that the regulation of MAPK responses to hypoxic stress may be different in different cells, even within the same organ. However, it is unclear if MAPKs are differentially regulated in different renal cells in hypoxia. This work was carried out to clarify this
... damental issue. Methods: We cultured normal rat kidney epithelial (NRK-52E) cells, human kidney epithelial (HK-2) cells and human renal cell adenocarcinoma (769-P) cells simultaneously under normoxia and hypoxia (1% O 2 ) for 24-72 hours. The protein levels of P-ERK1/2, ERK1/2, P-p38, p38 and eEF2K were detected by western blotting. The morphology of all cells was examined using light microscopy. Results: Under the same hypoxic condition, P-ERK1/2 was up-regulated in all renal cells. Meanwhile,P-p38 in NRK-52E cells was markedly increased after hypoxia for 24-72 hours, while it appeared to show no appreciable change in HK-2 and 769-P cells exposed to hypoxia for 24-48 hours and significantly decreased in these cells after 72 hours hypoxia. On the other hand,hypoxia markedly down-regulated the expression of eukaryotic elongation factor-2 kinase (eEF2K) in all three cells. Under microscopy, NRK-52E cells had no visible injury after 72 hours hypoxia, while HK-2 and 769-P cells were mostly damaged under the same condition. Conclusions: Our data suggest that in response to prolonged hypoxic stress, ERK1/2 and p38 are differentially regulated in three renal cells, while eEF2K is largely down-regulated in all of these cells.