FcγRII-mediated Adhesion and Phagocytosis Induce L-Plastin Phosphorylation in Human Neutrophils

Samuel L. Jones, Eric J. Brown
1996 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
L-Plastin is a calcium-regulated actin bundling protein expressed in leukocytes and some transformed cells, which is phosphorylated on serine in response to several different leukocyte-activating stimuli. Adhesion to immune complexes induced L-plastin phosphorylation in neutrophils, as did phagocytosis of IgG-opsonized particles, but insoluble immune complexes in suspension were very inefficient activators of L-plastin phosphorylation. Neutrophils express two IgG Fc receptors, the transmembrane
more » ... Fc␥RII and the glycan phosphoinositol-linked Fc␥RIIIB. Use of monoclonal antibodies that distinguished the two Fc receptors demonstrated that Fc␥RII ligation was 100-fold more potent at signaling L-plastin phosphorylation than occupancy of Fc␥RIIIB. Depletion of intracellular calcium did not affect Fc␥RII-activated L-plastin phosphorylation, demonstrating that any potential regulation of plastin function by calcium did not affect its phosphorylation. Adhesion to immune complexes caused L-plastin to localize to podosomes, since it colocalized with actin to discrete, punctate Triton X-100-insoluble sites on the adherent neutrophil surface in a pattern indistinguishable from vinculin and ␣-actinin. Nonetheless, localization to podosomes was not required for L-plastin phosphorylation, since both neutrophils from a patient with leukocyte adhesion deficiency (CD18 deficiency) and neutrophils treated with anti-CD18 F(ab)2, which do not form podosomes upon adhesion to immune complexes, phosphorylated L-plastin normally. Indeed, L-plastin was normally phosphorylated in response to adhesion to immune complexes even when the actin cytoskeleton was disrupted with cytochalasin D. We conclude that efficient Fc␥RII-mediated phosphorylation of L-plastin requires cell adhesion but does not require IgG-induced rearrangements of the actin cytoskeleton. These data suggest a model in which plastin phosphorylation and localization to the actin cytoskeleton can act as two distinct mechanisms regulating L-plastin functions in neutrophils adherent to immune complexes.
doi:10.1074/jbc.271.24.14623 pmid:8663066 fatcat:hbqgaclwu5ew7jjhizivgm4aqe