Non-invasive method to analyse the risk of developing diabetic foot

Rebeca N. Silva, Bruno H.G. Barbosa, Danton D. Ferreira, Ana C.B.H. Ferreira
2014 Healthcare technology letters  
Foot complications (diabetic foot) are among the most serious and costly complications of diabetes mellitus. Amputation of all or part of a lower extremity is usually preceded by a foot ulcer. To prevent diabetic foot, an automatic non-invasive method to identify patients with diabetes who have a high risk of developing diabetic foot is proposed. To design the proposed method, information concerning social scope and self-care of 153 diabetic patients was presented to the K-means clustering
more » ... ithm, which divided the data into two groups: high risk and low risk of developing diabetic foot. In the operational stage, the Euclidian distance from the information vector to the centroids of each group of risk is used as criterion for classification. Both real and simulated data were used to evaluate the method in which promising results were achieved with accuracy of 0.97 ± 0.06 for simulated data and 0.68 ± 0.16 considering the classification of specialists as the gold standard for real data. The method requires a simple computational processing and can be useful for basic health units to triage diabetic patients helping the health-care team to reduce the number of cases of diabetic foot.
doi:10.1049/htl.2014.0076 pmid:26609394 pmcid:PMC4611851 fatcat:qsntdswf35bgfhwi2dfu25dsnm