Preferences of Type 1 Diabetic Patients on Devices for Islet Transplantation

M. Rezaa Mohammadi, Farideh Dehkordi-Vakil, Joni Ricks-Oddie, Robert Mansfield, Himala Kashimiri, Mark Daniels, Weian Zhao, Jonathan RT Lakey
2020 Cell Transplantation  
Transplantation of pancreatic islets within a biomaterial device is currently under investigation in clinical trials for the treatment of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Patients' preferences on such implants could guide the designs of next-generation implantable devices; however, such information is not currently available. We surveyed the preferences of 482 patients with T1D on the size, shape, visibility, and transplantation site of islet containing implants. More than 83% of
more » ... s were willing to receive autologous stem cells, and there was no significant association between implant fabricated by one's own stem cell with gender ( χ 2 (1, n = 468) = 0.28; P = 0.6) or with age ( χ 2 (4, n = 468) = 2.92; P = 0.6). Preferred location for islet transplantation within devices was under the skin (52.7%). 48.3% preferred microscopic disks, and 32.3% preferred a thin device (like a credit card). Moreover, 58.4% preferred the implant to be as small as possible, 25.4% did not care about visibility, and 16.2% preferred their implants not to be visible. Among female participants, 81% cared about the implant visibility, whereas this number was 64% for male respondents ( χ 2 test (1, n = 468) = 16.34; P < 0.0001). 22% of those younger than 50 years of age and 30% of those older than 50 did not care about the visibility of implant ( χ 2 test (4, n = 468) = 23.69; P < 0.0001). These results suggest that subcutaneous sites and micron-sized devices are preferred choices among patients with T1D who participated in our survey.
doi:10.1177/0963689720952343 pmid:33023311 fatcat:rkfniw6dbfhx3dtp6jczg336w4