Association of rs4711998 of IL-17A, rs2275913 of IL-17A and rs763780 IL-17F gene polymorphisms with vitiligo in a Mexican population [post]

Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, Natalia Aranza Zapata Salazar, David Emmanuel Kubelis-López, Mauricio Andrés Salinas-Santander, Celia Nohemí Sánchez-Domínguez, Ana Cecilia Xolalpa-Rosales, Marely Eugenia Gómez-Galindo
2022 unpublished
Vitiligo is the most common depigmenting disease characterized by achromic macules due to selective loss of melanocytes. The pathogenesis remains poorly elucidated, and multiple hypotheses exists regarding its pathogenesis. Evidence suggests that stress on melanocytes can result in activation of the immune system, and involvement of both activated cluster of differentiation (CD8+) cytotoxic and CD4 + T-cells in the dysfunction, depigmentation, and apoptosis of melanocytes. Recent studies show
more » ... at the interleukin 17 (IL-17) axis plays a central role in the pathogenesis of the disease. IL-17 is an important regulatory effector cytokine in this pathway. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of IL-17A rs4711998 (-832A/G), IL-17A rs2275913 (-197G/A), and IL-17F rs763780 (7488A/G) with vitiligo in a Northeastern Mexican population. This study was a case-control study and included 116 patients with vitiligo and 116 control subjects. Genotype characterization of IL-17A rs4711998 (-832A/G), IL-17A rs2275913 (-197G/A), and IL-17F rs763780 (7488A/G) was performed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. A P ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. It was observed that the combination of the genotypes GG/GA for IL-17F rs763780 (7488A/G) were associated with an increased risk for the development of vitiligo (OR = 2.0943, 95% Cl 1.2375–3.5445, P = 0.0056). Regarding IL-17A genotyping rs4711998 (-832A/G) and IL-17A rs2275913 (-197G/A), no association with vitiligo development was found. In conclusion, the SNP rs763780 in the IL-17F gene appears to be a risk factor for vitiligo development in this Mexican population.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-1498881/v1 fatcat:vgnyoswcibfl3jgl6bzvancwuy