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The aim of this study was to analyze the force and deformation law of an artificial frozen wall. Thus, the frost heave coefficient was introduced to describe the frost heave characteristics, and the frozen wall was regarded as a heterogeneous material whose material properties changed in a parabolic pattern with the radius. The elastoplastic stress and displacement formulas of a non-uniform frozen wall considering frost heave characteristics were derived according to different strengthdoi:10.3390/app13021038 fatcat:o2buvfvvu5cr3fkenqsjlf5c6a