Human T cell leukemia virus type-I Tax activates human macrophage inflammatory protein-3α/CCL20 gene transcription via the NF-κB pathway

Yoshitaka Imaizumi, Shinichi Sugita, Kazuo Yamamoto, Daisuke Imanishi, Tomoko Kohno, Masao Tomonaga, Toshifumi Matsuyama
2002 International Immunology  
Infection by human T cell leukemia virus type (HTLV)-I is associated with several diseases, including adult T cell leukemia and HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. Leukocytes are attracted to the sites of inflammation by chemotactic factors. Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3α/CCL20 is a recently isolated member of the CC subfamily of chemokines and has been proposed as a crucial factor to elicit inflammatory reactions. We now report that endogenous MIP-3α mRNA
more » ... s MIP-3α mRNA levels are elevated in HTLV-I-infected T cell lines and in a human T cell line following the induced expression of the HTLV-I-encoded transactivator, Tax. Analysis of the human MIP-3α promoter revealed that this gene is activated by Tax, via the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB, whose responsive element, -82-κB, is located at a position between -82 and -91 relative to the putative transcription start site. With an electromobility shift assay we further demonstrated that the -82-κB element was bound by the Tax-activated p50/p65 heterodimers of NF-κB. Expression of the specific receptor of MIP-3α, CCR6, was also increased in HTLV-I-infected T cell lines, suggesting an autocrine and/or paracrine mechanism to establish the pathogenesis of HTLV-I-associated diseases.
doi:10.1093/intimm/14.2.147 pmid:11809734 fatcat:gzgay2dg3rfuznnmdqvfiirqb4