Interacting multiple model monocular SLAM

Javier Civera, Andrew J. Davison, J. M. M. Montiel
2008 2008 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation  
Recent work has demonstrated the benefits of adopting a fully probabilistic SLAM approach in sequential motion and structure estimation from an image sequence. Unlike standard Structure from Motion (SFM) methods, this 'monocular SLAM' approach is able to achieve drift-free estimation with high frame-rate real-time operation, particularly benefitting from highly efficient active feature search, map management and mismatch rejection. A consistent thread in this research on real-time monocular
more » ... has been to reduce the assumptions required. In this paper we move towards the logical conclusion of this direction by implementing a fully Bayesian Interacting Multiple Models (IMM) framework which can switch automatically between parameter sets in a dimensionless formulation of monocular SLAM. Remarkably, our approach of full sequential probability propagation means that there is no need for penalty terms to achieve the Occam property of favouring simpler models -this arises automatically. We successfully tackle the known stiffness in on-the-fly monocular SLAM start up without known patterns in the scene. The search regions for matches are also reduced in size with respect to single model EKF increasing the rejection of spurious matches. We demonstrate our method with results on a complex real image sequence with varied motion.
doi:10.1109/robot.2008.4543779 dblp:conf/icra/CiveraDM08 fatcat:6neoek24xrhjvhuvsuwo272joy