Neurexins Regulate GABA Co-release by Dopamine Neurons [article]

Charles Ducrot, Gregory de Carvalho, Benoit Delignat-Lavaud, Constantin Delmas, Nicolas Giguere, Sriparna Mukherjee, Samuel Burke, Marie-Josee Bourque, Martin Parent, Lulu Y Chen, Louis-Eric Trudeau
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Midbrain dopamine (DA) neurons are key regulators of basal ganglia functions. The axonal domain of these neurons is highly complex, with a large subset of non-synaptic release sites and a smaller subset of synaptic terminals from which glutamate or GABA are released. The molecular mechanisms regulating the connectivity of DA neurons and their neurochemical identity are unknown. Here we tested the hypothesis that the trans-synaptic cell adhesion molecules neurexins (Nrxns) regulate DA neuron
more » ... otransmission. Conditional deletion of all Nrxns in DA neurons (DAT::Nrxns KO) revealed that loss of Nrxns does not impair the basic development and ultrastructural characteristics of DA neuron terminals. However, loss of Nrxns caused an impairment of DA transmission revealed as a reduced rate of DA reuptake following activity-dependent DA release, decreased DA transporter levels, increased vesicular monoamine transporter expression and impaired amphetamine-induced locomotor activity. Strikingly, electrophysiological recording revealed an increase of GABA co-release from DA neuron axons in the striatum of the KO mice. These findings reveal that Nrxns act as key regulators of DA neuron connectivity and DA-mediated functions.
doi:10.1101/2021.10.17.464666 fatcat:2qg3ad4wyjhm3etaayji44vmaq