PCA-based face recognition in infrared imagery: baseline and comparative studies

X. Chen, P.J. Flynn, K.W. Bowyer
2003 IEEE International SOI Conference. Proceedings (Cat. No.03CH37443)  
Techniques for face recognition generally fall into global and local approaches, with the principal component analysis (PCA) being the most prominent global approach. This paper uses the PCA algorithm to study the comparison and combination of infrared and typical visible-light images for face recognition. This study examines the effects of lighting change, facial expression change and passage of time between the gallery image and probe image. Experimental results indicate that when there is
more » ... stantial passage of time (greater than one week) between the gallery and probe images, recognition from typical visible-light images may outperform that from infrared images. Experimental results also indicate that the combination of the two generally outperforms either one alone. This is the only study that we know of to focus on the issue of how passage of time affects infrared face recognition.
doi:10.1109/amfg.2003.1240834 dblp:conf/amfg/ChenFB03 fatcat:miupr2c5bfhktfbxs3n3d3u6um