Low-cost VLSI architecture design for forward quantization of H.264/AVC

G. A. Ruiz, J. A. Michell, Valentín de Armas Sosa, Kamran Eshraghian, Félix B. Tobajas
2007 VLSI Circuits and Systems III  
The H.264/AVC (Advanced Video Codec) is the latest standard for video coding. It assumes a scalar forward quantizer performed at the encoder which can be implemented directly in integer arithmetic. An efficient architecture for the computation of forward quantization of H.264/AVC is presented in this paper. It uses a modification of the quantization operation which reduces the arithmetic operations, and a truncated Booth multiplier based on adaptative statistical approach, which reduces the
more » ... ware. The JM reference software's C code has been re-written to analyze the effect of new algorithm and of truncated Booth multiplier. Simulations made up over popular test sequences used in video standardization show the validity of this approach. These results demonstrate that, at low QP, the PSNR is improved between a maximum of +0.81db and a minimum of 0.31db, with a slight increase in the Bit Rate being around 0.8%. Finally, a suitable architecture for VLSI implementation is presented, which reduces in a 26% the area, 32% the power and 21% the critical path delay in comparison with classical implementation. Moreover, it also reduces the area and increase the speed in comparison with architectures presented in references.
doi:10.1117/12.721493 fatcat:pcbb5k3oozf7hfs37sbbe5ylii