Longitudinal Change of Employment Distribution in Seoul Metropolitan Area between 2000 and 2010
서울대도시권의 산업별 고용분포 변화분석(2000~2010)*

Jin Yoo Kim, Ho Jun Lee, Hyung Eun Jung
2016 Journal of Real Estate Analysis  
This Study investigates time-series change of employment centers by nine industries between 2000 and 2010. The study discusses different distribution pattern of employment centers of Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) by industries. The spatial concentration level is calculated by Global Moran's I and Local Moran's I. The results are summarized as follows. First, overall employment distribution change shows decentralization. High density areas were connected to the traditional employment centers and
more » ... made employment corridor. Second, basic industries like manufacturing and transportation had moved from the old business centers to outskirts. Third, public services including education and human health and social work activities have been relatively well distributed and showed minor change during the study period. Fourth, finance and insurance and real estate activities are clustered in the 3 major centers. The results imply that employment distribution analysis by major industries are necessary as well as total employment distribution in order to improve efficiency of urban spatial structure. For instance, if we can assume the different housing demand by industries, employees of manufacturing companies need to move to near suburban areas while residential buildings for FIRE industries are planned in the traditional business centers.
doi:10.30902/jrea.2016.2.1.103 fatcat:qma3pclzkjh3jdr3h2nhviidsq