Joint detection scheme for cooperative spectrum sensing in cognitive radio network

Yijiang Nan, Chenglin Zhao, Bin Li
2016 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
In this paper, a new architecture of cognitive radio network (CRN) is presented for future dynamic spectrum sharing in time-variant flat fading (TVFF) channels. We consider a practical scenario where secondary users (SUs) are able to access the idle spectrum by secondary user routers (SU_Rs). Managed by a fusion center (FC), SU_Rs can work together to capture the idle spectrum, and then assign to the SUs. Besides, it is imperative to guarantee the wireless communication quality between primary
more » ... ase station (P_BS) and SU_Rs. Therefore, a new cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS) algorithm is suggested to recursively estimate the channel state information (CSI) while capturing the idle licensed band. The united mathematics model relies on a dynamic state-space model (DSM) and a Bernoulli filters (BF) algorithm. TVFF channels are modeled as finite-state Markov channel (FSMC). In order to reduce complexity of CSS, the particles are manipulated and reconstructed. Experimental simulations demonstrate that, by exploiting dynamic CSI, sensing performance of the new CSS algorithm will surpass the traditional schemes and this new architecture can be used in a realistic spectrum sharing system.
doi:10.1186/s13638-016-0570-z fatcat:e3l4kpqshfcerkemwd2xxbagze