Process window OPC verification: dry versus immersion lithography for the 65nm node

Amandine Borjon, Jerome Belledent, Yorick Trouiller, Kevin Lucas, Christophe Couderc, Frank Sundermann, Jean-Christophe Urbani, Yves Rody, Christian Gardin, Frank Foussadier, Patrick Schiavone, Donis G. Flagello
2006 Optical Microlithography XIX  
Ensuring robust patterning after OPC is becoming more and more difficult due to the continuous reduction of layout dimensions and diminishing process windows associated with each successive lithographic generation. Lithographers must guarantee high imaging fidelity throughout the entire range of normal process variations. To verify the printability of a design across process window, compact optical models similar to those used for standard OPC are used. These models are calibrated from
more » ... tal data measured at the limits of the process window. They are then applied to the design to predict potential printing failures. This approach has been widely used for dry lithography. With the emergence of immersion lithography in production in the IC industry, the predictability of this approach has to be validated on this new lithographic process. In this paper, a comparison between the dry lithography process model and the immersion lithography process model is presented for the Poly layer at 65 nm node patterning. Examples of specific failure predictions obtained separately with the two processes are compared with experimental results. A comparison in terms of process performance will also be a part of this study.
doi:10.1117/12.657056 fatcat:5rn3aj47ajg4fedi4ddtmpvtku