A New Single-Phase AC Voltage Converter with Voltage Buck Characteristics for Grid Voltage Compensation

Naveed Ashraf, Tahir Izhar, Ghulam Abbas, Ahmed Bilal Awan, Umar Farooq, Valentina E. Balas
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
Voltage sags and swells are the major problems of the power distribution system that arise due to uneven distribution of the single-phase and nonlinear loads. They severely degrade the power quality and may cause the failure of the equipment at the user's side. The voltage sag and swell issues are compensated by operating the AC voltage controllers with bipolar voltage gain characteristics. In these converters, high switching voltage and current, and a large number of switching devices are the
more &raquo; ... ain issues that cause unwanted power losses and result in reduced efficiency of the system. High voltage stresses may cause device failure due to the increase in dv/dt rating. The large count of switching devices results in high cost and high conversion losses. So here, we propose a novel AC converter with fewer switching devices that reduces switching voltage and current to have low conversion losses. The amplitude of the output is governed through the direct PWM control (DPWM) of one switch that controls the switching state of the other switch indirectly called indirect PWM control switch (IDPWM). The detailed analysis of the proposed converter is carried out to compare its performance with the existing converters. MATLAB/Simulink environment-based simulation results are proved through the experimental results obtained by developing a hardware prototype. INDEX TERMS Bipolar voltage gain, power distribution system, power quality, PWM control, switching and conduction losses, switching voltage, voltage sag and swell. NAVEED ASHRAF received the bachelor's and master's degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan, in 2006 and 2009, respectively, where he is currently pursuing the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering. He is also an Assistant Professor with the Electrical Engineering Department, The University of Lahore, Pakistan. His field of interest is control and analysis of the power quality problems caused by the switching power electronic converters. TAHIR IZHAR received the bachelor's and master's degrees in electrical engineering from the University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan, in 1983 and 1991, respectively, and later on, in 1993, he moved to U.K., and received the Ph.D. degree from the School of Electrical and Electronics, University of Birmingham, U.K., in 1997. He is currently a Professor with the Electrical Engineering Department, University of Engineering and Technology Lahore, Pakistan. He has professional experience of more than 30 years. His fields of research are power electronics, electric machine design, and machine drives. 48902 VOLUME 8, 2020
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