Ancient Babylonian algorithms

Donald E. Knuth
1972 Communications of the ACM  
The early origins of mathematics are discussed, emphasizing those aspects which seem to be of greatest interest from the standpoint of computer science. A number of old Babylonian tablets, many of which have never before been translated into English, are quoted.
doi:10.1145/361454.361514 fatcat:gf2pocur35fjbi345bhzep5pwa