Pham_columbia_0054D_10279.pdf [article]

The Certificate of Virginity: Honor, Marriage, and Moroccan Female Immigration Theresa Thao Pham Although Moroccan female-initiated migration to Europe has captured the attention of scholars in various fields of study, the majority of these studies have focused on macro-level analysis of resettlement and integration patterns. These studies, however, have bypassed the subtle impact of the socio-cultural junction between Islamic ideals and Western values. The interchange of the socio-cultural
more » ... socio-cultural values resulting from Moroccan female immigration to Spain have complicated the Moroccan system of honor and marriage, which has played a crucial part in defining gender roles, space, production and reproduction. Using participant observation, semi-structured interviews, oral histories, and focus groups, this study aims to examine the effects immigration to Spain have on honor and marriage for Moroccan immigrant women. After the first year of field research, I temporarily left the study but continued to live in Lavapies, a predominantly Moroccan neighborhood in Madrid. I befriended a handful of Moroccan women prior to volunteering at a community center to meet other Moroccan women. My Moroccan friends all had university degrees and had lived in Spain before the Madrid train bombing in 2005. The women, who I would later meet at the various centers, would be distinctly different in class and education level from my former Moroccans friends. Additionally, I was interested in the different groups and types of women, particularly since the Spanish newspapers had been reporting about people migrating via pateras (small) boats from the coast of Morocco to the coast of Spain. More interestingly, newspapers, television, and personal reports indicated that more and more Moroccan women have started migrating alone. They have been arriving with work visas for strenuous agricultural work, particularly in the strawberry fields in Huelva, located in the southwest coastal area of Spain, or they would arrive on tourist visas to work in domestic services. Others arrived without documents by hiding in boats and ships with only a
doi:10.7916/d89g5tvp fatcat:3elhotv4onh7ppp2udwojcvp5q