再考・病院内倫理委員会 : 本邦の現状と再生のための序論
Reconsideration of hospital ethics committee for its revision

Tsunakuni IKKA
2013 Bioethics  
In Japan , the di幵erence between research ethics and clinical ethics is ambiguQus . Therefore , the two roles of 士 he ethical review of medical research ( the role of the institut 「 onal review board ) and the support of medical − sta 幵 with cl 「 nical ethical problems ( the role of hospital eth 「 cs committee ) are commonly assigned to a single ethics committee , As a result , resource − poQr eth 「 cs committees cannot fulfilltheir role ; especia 凵y they faiI tQ perfQrm the latter HEC role ,
more » ... latter HEC role , because it is Iess reguIated by pubIic ruIes than the former IRB role . However , clinical ethics guidelines Iaid down by the health , Iabor and welfare ministry and medica [academic associations encourage medical − sta 幵s at bedside to utilize ethics committees when they cannot resolve issues indepen − dently and show the public that ethics committees function weH . The main reason why hospital ethics comm 「 ttees are nQt GommQn and dQ not support medica トstafFs at beds「 de suff「 cient] y is that the understanding of hospital ethics committees is [ imited 「 n Japan, It is the role of bioethicists to cons 「 der and reveal the ethical and Iegal significance of utilizing adequate hospital eth 「 cs committees and their requirements .
doi:10.20593/jabedit.23.1_23 fatcat:cri7bylfj5furpexa32skeisjq