Midpoint Relay Selection Using Social Trust and Battery Level to Enhance Throughput in Cooperative Device-to-Device Communications

Ushik Shrestha Khwakhali, Prapun Suksompong, Steven Gordon
2020 Sensors  
Device-to-device communications in underlay mode has emerged as a promising way to enhance spectrum efficiency in cellular networks. Recently, relay selection in D2D communications underlaying cellular networks is gaining more research interest. In this paper, we propose two relay selection schemes for D2D communications underlaying cellular networks, Midpoint Relay Selection using Social Trust and Battery Level (MRS-ST-BL) and Midpoint Relay Selection using Social Distance and Battery Level
more » ... nd Battery Level (MRS-SD-BL). These proposed schemes utilize battery power level information of devices together with social trust information of users in the network for relay selection. For performance evaluation, initially we show that the throughput of state-of-the-art schemes Hybrid Relay Selection (HRS) and our previously proposed schemes Midpoint Relay Selection using Social Trust (MRS-ST) and Midpoint Relay Selection Using Social Distance (MRS-SD) decrease, when relays have varying battery power. Then, we compare the performance of our proposed schemes against existing schemes including HRS, MRS-ST and MRS-SD. The performance comparison is done at various social trust scenarios and device densities. We show that our proposed schemes can significantly improve the throughput of D2D communications, particularly when relays have different battery power levels in weak social trust scenarios. Finally, we show that the performance of our proposed scheme MRS-ST-BL varies with the change in battery power threshold.
doi:10.3390/s20216007 pmid:33113904 fatcat:2zcm55ejyncszfs26izplq4zde