Generalized conic functions of hv-convex planar sets: continuity properties and relations to X-rays

Csaba Vincze, Ábris Nagy
2014 Aequationes Mathematicae  
In the paper we investigate the continuity properties of the mapping Φ which sends any non-empty compact connected hv-convex planar set K to the associated generalized conic function fK . The function fK measures the average taxicab distance of the points in the plane from the focal set K by integration. The main area of the applications is the geometric tomography because fK involves the coordinate X-rays' information as second order partial derivatives [8] . We prove that the
more » ... ence implies the convergence of the conic functions with respect to both the supremum-norm and the L1-norm provided that we restrict the domain to the collection of non-empty compact connected hv-convex planar sets contained in a fixed box (reference set) with parallel sides to the coordinate axes. We also have that Φ −1 is upper semi-continuous as a set-valued mapping. The upper semi-continuity establishes an approximating process in the sense that if fL is close to fK then L must be close to an element K ′ such that fK = f K ′ . Therefore K and K ′ have the same coordinate X-rays almost everywhere. Lower semi-continuity is usually related to the existence of continuous selections. If a set-valued mapping is both upper and lower semi-continuous at a point of its domain it is called continuous. The last section of the paper is devoted to the case of non-empty compact convex planar sets. We show that the class of convex bodies that are determined by their coordinate X-rays coincides with the family of convex bodies K for which fK is a point of lower semi-continuity for Φ −1 . 1991 Mathematics Subject Classification. 26B15,26B25.
doi:10.1007/s00010-014-0322-2 fatcat:kigqh5qxyjd3xet6vmidiivlru