Effectiveness of Leksell gamma knife hypophysectomy on cancer-related intractable pain – a single-center experience [post]

Jaromir May, Roman Liščák
2022 unpublished
Purpose: Hypophysectomy is a method used in analgesia in patients with painful bone metastases. The pain relief after this procedure is not pathophysiologically fully understood. In only a few studies Leksell gamma knife (LGK) was used for radiosurgical hypophysectomy. In our study, we performed the LGK hypophysectomy in patients with intractable cancer-related pain due to bone metastases and evaluated the impact of this method on pain relief.Methods: From 1994 to 2020 we enrolled 20 patients
more » ... th the diagnosis of disseminated carcinoma. All patients underwent radiosurgical hypophysectomy on LGK. The prescription dose was 75-100Gy on the 50% isodose line, and the maximal dose on the optic pathways was 9,8Gy on average. Results: In all 10 evaluated patients pain relief was achieved (0-50% of pre-procedural pain). The hypophysectomy effect lasted for the rest of their lives (the mean follow-up period was 12,6 months). In three patients we observed hormonal disbalance - hypocortisolism and diabetes insipidus with good response to substitutional therapy, one patient developed a temporary abducens nerve palsy. No other adverse events were observed.Conclusion: Our results suggest that the LGK hypophysectomy is an effective and safe procedure to reduce cancer-related intractable pain, especially in bone metastases of hormonally dependent tumors.
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-1626044/v1 fatcat:lwslnvbl65aeni7ww2uhqyqs24