Are nuclear star clusters the precursors of massive black holes? [article]

N. Neumayer, C.J. Walcher, University, My
We present new upper limits for black hole masses in extremely late type spiral galaxies. We confirm that this class of galaxies has black holes with masses less than 10 6M⊙, if any. We also derive new upper limits for nuclear star cluster masses in massive galaxies with previously determined black hole masses. We use the newly derived upper limits and a literature compilation to study the low mass end of the global-to-nucleus relations. We find the following. (1) The M BH-δ relation cannot
more » ... ten at low masses, but may steepen. (2) The M BH-M bulge relation may well flatten in contrast. (3) The M B H -Sersic n relation is able to account for the large scatter in black hole masses in low-mass disk galaxies. Outliers in the M BH-Sersic n relation seem to be dwarf elliptical galaxies. When plotting M BH versus M NC we find three different regimes: (a) nuclear cluster dominated nuclei, (b) a transition region, and (c) black hole-dominated nuclei. This is consistent with the picture, in which black holes form inside nuclear clusters with a very low-mass fraction. They subsequently grow much faster than the nuclear cluster, destroying it when the ratio M BH/M NC grows above 100. Nuclear star clusters may thus be the precursors of massive black holes in galaxy nuclei.
doi:10.34657/4218 fatcat:veqnf2p5pzhovnjj4afabc63nq