XLV.—On the martens of the Mustela flavigula group

J.L. Bonhote
1901 Annals and Magazine of Natural History  
XLV.--On the Martens of the Mustela flavigula Group. By J'. L. BON~OTE, B.A. A~ONG the martens that ]lave hitherto been considered as Mustda flavigu{a several well-marked geographic subspeeie~ may be distinguished, and one of the forms (M. Gwatkinsii) that has been united with them is apparently a distinct and easily recognizable species, only found in the peninsula of India. The synonymy of this group is somewhat lengthy, and when I began to work it out so many small errors and misquotations
more » ... and misquotations appeared to have been given, that I have thoroughly studied the subject and have personally verified all the references given. The first mention of this animal was made by Pennant, who described it under the name of " \¥hite-eheekcd Weesel~" from a menagerie specimen whose origin was unknown. There can be little doubt~ however~ that the specimen belonged to the form found in Nepal, Assam, and southward to Burma, as Pennant stated that the head was blaek--a character typical of that race. Boddaert, in his ' Elenehus Anlmalium,' was the first to bestow on Pennant's specimen the name of Mustelaaqav[gala , and several other names were also based on the same description, which materially helped to confuse the synonymy; Galidictls chrysogaster is, however, the only one to which attention need be drawn. This animal is said to be very dark on the back, head, and legs, witt~ white cheeks and a golden-yellow breast and underparts~ and is described fi'om a specimen shot at Mussorie in the Himalayas by 1Vfr. R. Gwatkins. A few years later Horsfield~ in his ~ Catalogue of the East India Collcetion~' describes, under the name ~llartes Gwatkinsii~ a specimen collected in Madras by ~r. (afterwards Sir) Walter Elliot~ and states in addition that it belongs to the same species as Mr. Gwatkins' Mussorie specimen ; this~ however, is not the case, for~ as will be seen later on~ the Mussorie specimen, being only an individual of the typical ~l..flavigula in summer~ is specifically distinct fi'om that from ]IIadras. As Horsfield gives a detailed description of the South-Indian form, comparing it with the typical M. flav{gula ~ and as the specimen from which the description was taken is still in existence in the British Museum~ it seems to me necessary to retain the name (.lwatkb~sii for the South-Indian species~ of which Elliot's specimen would be the type. Downloaded by [University of Florida] at 23:48 12 June 2016
doi:10.1080/00222930108678482 fatcat:oxb2fm2ixffj3b7w4dys5qorlu