Toe Pinch Force in Male Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients
We compared the toe pinch force in men with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Sixty-eight male T2DM patients and 35 apparently healthy men matched for age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. We compared the toe pinch force between the subjects with and without T2DM, and we evaluated the effect of diabetic polyneuropathy on toe pinch force in the patients. The toe pinch force of the T2DM patients was significantly lower than that of the
... that of the subjects without diabetes (3.12 ± 1.22 kg vs. 4.40 ± 1.19 kg, p < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis showed that T2DM was a determinant of reduced toe pinch force. In addition, the toe pinch force of patients with diabetic polyneuropathy was significantly lower than that of patients without diabetic polyneuropathy (2.31 ± 0.93 kg vs. 3.70 ± 1.07 kg, p < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis showed that diabetic polyneuropathy was a determinant of the toe pinch force in men with T2DM, even after adjusting for age, BMI, HbA1c, and duration of diabetes. Reduced toe pinch force is a fundamental feature of motor dysfunction in men with T2DM, and diabetic polyneuropathy might be associated with toe pinch force in these patients.