S38. Long-term studies in psychiatry

1994 European psychiatry  
The patient's premorbid adjustment is one of the strongest predictors of outcome in schizophrenia. In a still running prospective 5-year follow-up study of 163 first admitted schizophrenics , we investigated the relation between premorbid adjustment and different measures of the 3-year outcome. The premorbid adjustment was assessed with the Premorbid Adjustment Scale (PAS, Cannon-Spoor et al. 1982). Outcome measures were positive symptoms, negative symptoms, social disability, number of
more » ... , number of rehospitalizations and total length of rehospitalization. In a further step, we examined the relation between good versus bad premorbid adjustment and the course of positive syndromes, negative syndromes and social disability within the first three years after index admission. Most important is the finding that negative syndromes show a stronger relation with premorbid dysfunction than positive syndromes.
doi:10.1017/s0924933800004764 fatcat:fmgkaasqx5bdrpssea6kmqenju