### A single-domain dual-boundary-element formulation incorporating a cohesive zone model for elastostatic cracks [chapter]

B. Yang, K. Ravi-Chandar
1998 Recent Advances in Fracture Mechanics
A cracked elastostatic structure is artificially divided into subdomains of simpler topology such that the well-developed classic dual integral equations can be applied appropriately to each domain. Applying the continuity and equilibrium conditions along artificial boundaries and properties of the integral kernels a single-domain dual-boundary-integral equation formulation is derived for a cracked elastic structure. A cohesive zone model is used to model the crack tip processes and is coupled
more » ... ses and is coupled with the single-domain dual-boundary-integral equation formulation; the resulting nonlinear equations are solved using the iterative method of successive-over-relaxation. The constitutive law used for a crack includes three parts: a law relating cohesive force to crack displacement difference when a crack is opening, a characterization of tangential interaction between crack surfaces when the crack surfaces are in contact, and a maximum principal stress criterion of crack advance. Incorporation of local unloading effect of the cohesive zone material has enabled a simulation of fracture with initial damage, partial development of the failure process zone at structural instability and multiple crack interaction. Some of the features of the method are demonstrated by considering three examples. The first problem is a single-edgecracked specimen that exhibits a snap-back instability. The second example is the development of wing cracks from an angled crack under compression. The last example demonstrates the capability to consider mixed-mode crack growth and interaction of cracks. Thus, the problem of crack growth has been reduced to the determination of the cohesive model for the fracture process.