Distributed Information Compression for Target Tracking in Cluster-Based Wireless Sensor Networks

Shi-Kuan Liao, Kai-Jay Lai, Hsiao-Ping Tsai, Chih-Yu Wen
2016 Sensors  
Target tracking is a critical wireless sensor application, which involves signal and information processing technologies. In conventional target position estimation methods, an estimate is usually demonstrated by an average target position. In contrast, this work proposes a distributed information compression method to describe the measurement uncertainty of tracking problems in cluster-based wireless sensor networks. The leader-based information processing scheme is applied to perform target
more » ... sitioning and energy conservation. A two-level hierarchical network topology is adopted for energy-efficient target tracking with information compression. A Level 1 network architecture is a cluster-based network topology for managing network operations. A Level 2 network architecture is an event-based and leader-based topology, utilizing the concept of information compression to process the estimates of sensor nodes. The simulation results show that compared to conventional schemes, the proposed data processing scheme has a balanced system performance in terms of tracking accuracy, data size for transmission and energy consumption.
doi:10.3390/s16060937 pmid:27338417 pmcid:PMC4934362 fatcat:y3jdh4mkyndb3ozfjcp5vrpm3e