Clinical discussion: gout therapy in a comorbid patient

M. S. Eliseev, A. M. Novikova
2020 Medical Council  
The data accumulated to date suggests that it is extremely rare for a gout patient to have only his or her main disease and no accompanying pathology. One of the frequent situations is a combination with another microcrystal arthritis, a disease of calcium pyrophosphate crystals deposition. In addition, diseases of the kidneys (including chronic renal failure), cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal tract, as well as metabolic disorders directly associated with gout or indirectly related to
more » ... ectly related to taking medications necessary to control the disease, not only affect the quality and longevity of life of the patient, but also create difficulties for its curation. The prescription of drug therapy, both symptomatic and pathogenetic, in such cases involves an assessment of all the associated risks, and the choice of drugs, in addition to efficiency, should be based on their safety profile in relation to comorbid pathology. This article analyzes the main principles and approaches to the treatment of gout and the disease of calcium pyrophosphate crystals deposition in the presence of concomitant diseases (arterial hypertension, chronic kidney disease, chronic heart failure, obesity, dyslipidemia, etc.) on the example of a 50-year-old patient. The possibilities of combined symptomatic therapy including colchicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and glucocorticoids are shown. The necessity and tactics of choice of preventive prophylactic therapy for arthritis attacks and use of phebuxostat in the presence of contraindications for prescription or ineffectiveness of allopurinol are also discussed.
doi:10.21518/2079-701x-2020-11-154-162 fatcat:tqwflwbqnjfmtgpfhwudaszmuy