Analysis of Carbides in Multi-component Cast Iron Design Based on High Entropy Alloys Concepts

W. M. Pasini, M. R. Bellé, L. Pereira, R.F. do Amaral, V. K. de Barcellos
2021 Materials Research  
Nowadays, the concept of high entropy alloys (HEAs) has expanded the limits of metallurgy and high-quality metallurgical HEAs ingots have already been successfully obtained on an industrial scale. High Chromium Cast Irons (HCCI) and Multi-Component Cast Irons (MCCI) are known to be a useful material for applications when abrasion resistance is required. Inspired by the concepts of high-entropy alloys, a base HCCI was modified, by adding other carbide-forming elements, at concentrations higher
more » ... entrations higher than what is currently used, in order to develop a new class of white cast iron, High Entropy White Cast Iron (HEWCI). The characterization of carbides precipitated during the HEWCI solidification was performed by scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron backscattered diffraction (SEM/EDS/EBSD) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). With the characterization techniques employed, the as-cast microstructure obtained of HEWCI is composed of approximately 50% of austenite matrix and 50% of different types of carbides, MC, M 7 C 3 and M 2 C carbides.
doi:10.1590/1980-5373-mr-2020-0398 fatcat:jwxad6tlerclrjobq7k7xnqngu