CUTANEOUS INFECTIONS IN TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS
Journal of Evidence Based Medicine and Healthcare
BACKGROUND Skin in the patients of Diabetes Mellitus has both infective & non-infective lesions. A bacterial, fungal & viral infection along with duration with diabetes were studied here. MATERIALS AND METHODS 200 patients of type II DM, above 20 years of age, of both sexes, with clinically diagnosed infectious skin lesions were included in this prospective, cross-sectional & observational study. RESULTS Very high proportion of study subjects (92%) were of age up to 60 years while very few (8%)
... while very few (8%) were with age above 60 years. Age wise distribution of male and female participants revealed, no significant gender wise difference (Chi-square = 1.060, p = 0.5887). Proportion of all above three types of infections, was high in individuals with duration of 6 to 15 years in diabetes (except 15-20 years duration). Overall, proportion of infection showed increasing trend as duration of diabetes increases, but it declined after period after 15 years. Considering duration of diabetes, though the proportion of these various infections was increased, but skin infections did not have any significant association with the duration of DM (Chi-square = 7.865, p = 0.2482). CONCLUSION Proportionately more subjects (92%) were up to 60 years, while very few (8%) were above 60 years, without any significant difference in gender. Though, proportion of infection showed increasing trend as duration of diabetes increases & declined after duration above 15 years. However, all three types of infections did not have any significant association with age-groups or duration of diabetes.