Evaluation of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation interventions with a self-help smoking cessation program

Susan J. Curry, Edward H. Wagner, Louis C. Grothaus
1991 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  
Personalized feedback and a financial incentive, developed from an intrinsic/extrinsic motivation framework, were evaluated as adjuncts to self-help materials for smoking cessation. Ss (N = 1,217) were randomized to 4 treatment groups and were followed up at 3 and 12 months. Consistent with hypotheses derived from the motivation framework, the financial incentive increased the use of self-help materials, did not increase cessation rates among program users, and was associated with higher
more » ... with higher relapse rates among those who did manage to quit. The personalized feedback increased both smoking cessation and use of the materials 3 months after distribution of the materials. Continuous abstinence (abstinence at 3 and 12 months) in the group that received the personalized feedback alone was twice the rate of the other groups.
doi:10.1037/0022-006x.59.2.318 fatcat:wq4bwk5uv5fxfjsb5enoiuygqy