Center of Gravity Coordinates Estimation Based on an Overall Brightness Average Determined from the 3D Vision System

Radovan Holubek, Marek Vagaš
2021 Applied Sciences  
In advanced manufacturing technologies (including complex automated processes) and their branches of industry, perception and evaluation of the object parameters are the most critical factors. Many production machines and workplaces are currently equipped as standard with high-quality special sensing devices based on vision systems to detect these parameters. This article focuses on designing a reachable and fully functional vision system based on two standard CCD cameras usage, while the
more » ... is is on the RS 232C communication interface between two sites (vision and robotic systems). To this, we combine principles of the 1D photogrammetric calibration method from two known points at a stable point field and the available packages inside the processing unit of the vision system (as filtering, enhancing and extracting edges, weak and robust smoothing, etc.). A correlation factor at camera system (for reliable recognition of the sensed object) was set from 84 to 100%. Then, the pilot communication between both systems was proposed and then tested through CREAD/CWRITE commands according to protocol 3964R (used for the data transfer). Moreover, the system was proven by successful transition of the data into the robotic system. Since research gaps in this field still exist and many vision systems are based on PC processing or intelligent cameras, our potential research topic tries to provide the price–performance ratio solution for those who cannot regularly invest in the newest vision technology; however, they could still do so to stay competitive.
doi:10.3390/app12010286 fatcat:bnmkjxqctfabnczgwuaqhm34ku