Optimization of Chitosan Concentration on The Quality and Shelf Life of Frozen Rohu (Labeo rohita) Fillets
A natural product such as chitosan promotes health benefits and extends the shelf life of the processed products. Chitosan has been used as a food additive due to its antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. This study was conducted to optimize the chitosan concentration as a coating agent on the quality and shelf life of Labeo rohita fillets during frozen storage. Chitosan (CH) solutions were prepared with 0.5 %, 1 %, and 2 % (w/v) CH in 1 % (v/v) glacial acetic acid for coating application.
... ating application. The control (0% CH) and CH treated fish fillets were stored at -18 °C for 14 weeks and assessed for chemical (pH, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N), and K-value), microbiological (aerobic plate count (APC)), and sensory properties. The pH, TBARS, and K-value of 1 % and 2 % CH treated fish fillets were acceptable up to 14th week of storage, while TVB-N value was permissible up to 12th week of storage. After 14th week of storage, the APC of control, 0.5 %, 1 %, and 2 % CH treated fillets were 7.18 log CFU/g, 5.02 log CFU/g, 4.13 log CFU/g, and 3.21 log CFU/g, respectively. The fish fillets treated with 1 % and 2 % CH had acceptable sensory attributes up to 12th week, while control fillets were unacceptable after the 6th week of storage. This study demonstrated that 1% CH could be used as a natural additive for keeping the quality and extending the shelf life of L. rohita fillets during frozen storage.