Heart rate variability and its perspectives in anthropological studies (review)
Вариабельность ритма сердца и ее перспективы в практике антропологических исследований (обзор)

Anna K. Gorbacheva, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Anuchin Institute and Museum of Anthropology, Mokhovaya st., 11, Moscow, 125009, Russia, Nataliya K. Golubeva, Tatiana K. Fedotova, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Department of Physiology, Mokhovaya st., 11-4, Moscow, 125009, Russia, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Anuchin Institute and Museum of Anthropology, Mokhovaya st., 11, Moscow, 125009, Russia
2020 Moscow University Anthropology Bulletin (Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seria XXIII. Antropologia)  
Ñâåäåíèÿ îá àâòîðàõ Ãîðáà÷åâà Àííà Êîíñòàíòèíîâíà, ê.á.í.; ORCID ID: 0000-0001- 5201-7128; angoria@yandex.ru; Ãîëóáåâà Íàòàëüÿ Êèìîâíà, ê.ì.í.; rektorat@sechenov.ru; Ôåäîòîâà Òàòüÿíà Êîíñòàíòèíîâíà, ä.á.í.; ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7750-7924; tatiana.fedotova@mail.ru Ïîñòóïèëà â ðåäàêöèþ 26.02.2020, ïðèíÿòà ê ïóáëèêàöèè 27.02.2020. Вестник Московского университета. Серия XXIII АНТРОПОЛОГИЯ № 3/2020: 32 45 Heart rate variability (HRV) is fluctuations of the interval between successive heart systoles.
more » ... ive heart systoles. Physiological studies of HRV interpret parameters of HRV as valid and objective characteristic of vegetative nervous system (sympathetic and parasympathetic sections), reflecting, in its turn, the dynamics of psycho-emotional status and every stress condition, the level of anxiety, cognitive functions break (attention, motivation). Simultaneously HRV is the most perspective quantitative indicator of vegetative activity, which may be fixed in modern studies by a number of simple devices and methods. The review includes some methodical aspects of HRV measures, genetic influence, sex and age variability, origin and role of the method in space and clinical medicine, sport practice, ecological studies, rare population studies, interdisciplinary aspects, perspectives of the indices in anthropological practice.
doi:10.32521/2074-8132.2020.3.032-045 fatcat:lg6oa3pky5ewbni3liy6kxgevy