Effects of Erosion Form and Admixture on Cement Mortar Performances Exposed to Sulfate Environment
The effects of the admixtures, erosion age, concentration of sulfate solution, and erosion form of sulfate attack on the mechanical properties of mortar were investigated. Simultaneously, the microstructure, pore characteristics, kinds and morphologies of erosion products of mortar before and after sulfate attacks were performed by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP), Environment Scanning Electronic Microscope and Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (ESEM-EDS). In addition, the crystal form and
... ology characteristics of crystallization on mortar surfaces attacked by partial immersion form were studied. The results showed that the compressive and flexural strengths of mortar attacked by sulfate for four months decreased with the increase of the replacement of cement with fly ash, and the corresponding strength of mortar containing slag first increased and then decreased. The admixtures can improve the microstructure and mechanical properties of mortar within the replacement ratio of 10%. Although the change laws of the mortar specimens containing different admixtures were similar, the mortar containing slag had an excellent sulfate resistance under the same condition. Compared with the complete immersion form, the strength variation of the mortar containing fly ash attacked by semi-immersion form was less. The porosity and average pore diameter of mortar attacked by sulfate for four months increased, and the percentage of micropore with the pore diameter less than 200 nm increased. Plenty of rod-like and plate-like erosion products were generated in mortar attacked by a sulfate solution with a high concentration. A larger number of fibrous and flocculent crystallization covered the mortar's surface containing fly ash, but it was a granular and dense crystallization formed on the mortar's surface containing slag. Much dendritic erosion product was generated in the mortar attacked by semi-immersion form, and ESEM-EDS analysis revealed that it may be scawtite, spurrite, and residue of the decomposed calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) in the inner mortar; however, the crystallization sodium sulfate was crystallized on mortar surface.