Robust Multi-Objective Optimization for Response Surface Models Applied to Direct Low-Value Natural Gas Conversion Processes

Luiz Célio S. Rocha, Mariana S. Rocha, Paulo Rotella Junior, Giancarlo Aquila, Rogério S. Peruchi, Karel Janda, Rômulo O. Azevêdo
2021 Entropy  
The high proportion of CO2/CH4 in low aggregated value natural gas compositions can be used strategically and intelligently to produce more hydrocarbons through oxidative methane coupling (OCM). The main goal of this study was to optimize direct low-value natural gas conversion via CO2-OCM on metal oxide catalysts using robust multi-objective optimization based on an entropic measure to choose the most preferred Pareto optimal point as the problem's final solution. The responses of CH4
more » ... ses of CH4 conversion, C2 selectivity, and C2 yield are modeled using the response surface methodology. In this methodology, decision variables, e.g., the CO2/CH4 ratio, reactor temperature, wt.% CaO and wt.% MnO in ceria catalyst, are all employed. The Pareto optimal solution was obtained via the following combination of process parameters: CO2/CH4 ratio = 2.50, reactor temperature = 1179.5 K, wt.% CaO in ceria catalyst = 17.2%, wt.% MnO in ceria catalyst = 6.0%. By using the optimal weighting strategy w1 = 0.2602, w2 = 0.3203, w3 = 0.4295, the simultaneous optimal values for the objective functions were: CH4 conversion = 8.806%, C2 selectivity = 51.468%, C2 yield = 3.275%. Finally, an entropic measure used as a decision-making criterion was found to be useful in mapping the regions of minimal variation among the Pareto optimal responses and the results obtained, and this demonstrates that the optimization weights exert influence on the forecast variation of the obtained response.
doi:10.3390/e23020248 pmid:33670017 fatcat:cekamvx72bfhlm3kasxbjv7vla