A-Novel-CdS-Nanorod with Stacking Fault Structures: Preparation and Properties of Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production from Water Splitting
In the present study, CdS nanorod particles with the stacking fault structures were hydrothermally synthesized through a dissolution-recrystallization approach in concentrated ammonia solvent, for the first time. It was clear that concentrated ammonia solution contained a large number of hydroxyl ions and large numbers of ammonia. Comprehensive characteristics were performed to investigate the influence of stacking fault structures on the photocatalytic activity and stability of CdS nanorod
... of CdS nanorod particles. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images revealed that the CdS catalyst included many nanorods with stacking fault structures. Stacking fault structures were obviously observed within CdS nanorods with the length ranging from 70 to 200 nm and diameter ranging from 20 to 65 nm, respectively. It revealed that the formation of CdS nanorod particles with stacking faults was contributed to the dissolution-recrystallization process. There were many structural units for cubic phase changing to hexagonal phase in the CdS crystals in the process of hydrothermal resulting in forming a large number of stacking fault structures. Photo-generated electrons and holes migrating directionally along the nanorods direction and the stacking fault structures in some nanorods could promote the separation of photo-generated electrons and holes, which enhanced the activity of visible-light-driven photocatalytic hydrogen production. Through the photocatalytic hydrogen production experiments, CdS nanorod particles with the stacking fault structures showed much higher photocatalytic activity than CdS patticles prepared by the conventional hydrothermal method using the water as the hydrothermal solvent.